Knowledge Management and movement disorders
If I say 'two spasms' I hardly mention a single input, a piece of information.
But if I keep on saying 'I suffer spasmodic torticollis (or any other movement disorder)' we must say it is information.
However, when saying 'owing to the X disorder I suffer from since 1985 I usually have two focal spasms on average every day, and I try to palliate the symptoms through wet heat and some relaxation exercises, etc.' we have to call it knowledge: we have added the critical value of our experience to the information. But there are more things to be considered.
The previous sentence refers to the so called 'tacit' knowledge which usually comes from published literature (documents, etc. that represent the 'explicit' knowledge) and so from the experience and habits we come to learn. The process is called internalization and is finally located in each one’s mind and the natural archive and database the brain is.
Somehow we can promote the socialization of this knowledge sharing of our experiences, the same way here is done, giving rise to new skills and other interesting mental patterns. We still talk about tacit knowledge.
The conversion of this intimate knowledge into recommendations that become useful rules (imagine a clinical trial which results in a medical rule to put into practice) is called externalization, and this new kind of knowledge is called 'explicit' knowledge. The fact of transforming this into documents, archives, etc. is called combination. Just the way towards a universal approach to this kind of learning that internalization brings, changing now the knowledge into tacit, and taking advantage of all of this.
Next figure resumes the previous explanation: